It is of vital importance how the internal placement of containers, which are essential in the shipping industry, especially in maritime transportation, should be done.
We covered the answer to the question “How to place containers?” in this article for you.
First of all, we should state that the container and the costs are directly proportional in the field of transportation. For this reason, the container area should be made use of in an efficient manner.
There is a significant element to consider as well. This is how the container is placed during the loading and unloading phase.
Therefore, during container placement, both making use of the area in an efficient manner and its practical use should be ensured.
Container Loading Methods
There are different methods of loading, taking into account the distance, where the goods will be transported and the needs. These methods are as follows:
In this loading method, the products must be loaded with packages. This way, the shaking of the products during the transportation is prevented. The products are not affected much by external factors such as weather conditions thanks to the package loading. It is one of the most preferred loading methods. In order for the loading/unloading process to be performed with ease via a forklift, the packages must be packed on wooden or plastic pallets in a way that they do not exceed the pallet dimensions and preferably wrapped with a stretch film.
Generally, it is convenient to use crates for transporting relatively valuable products. The creates produced in different colours, sizes, and materials ensures the safety of the transported goods. At this point, the crates are fixed inside the container and to the other crates.
The drums are the most suitable materials for the transportation of liquid or semi-liquid fluids. Liquid substances under the ADR group should be placed in the drums first. Then the drums should be placed in the container.
Since the drum loading method is a bit risky, the cover of the drum should be well protected.
Various measures must be taken to ensure this protection. It may be preferable to pack the drums on wooden or plastic pallets in a way that they do not exceed the pallet dimensions so that the unloading/loading process can be done easily via a forklift.
Carton and box loading
This one is among the most preferred methods. Loads are first placed in cartons and boxes. Boxes ensure that goods are not damaged in bonded or unbonded transportation.
They ensure the safety and protection of goods. In order to increase safety, protective materials such as foams should also be placed between the boxes.
In order for the loading/unloading process to be performed with ease via a forklift, the cartons and boxes must be packed on wooden or plastic pallets in a way that they do not exceed the pallet dimensions and preferably wrapped with a stretch film.
Which Materials Should Be Used During Container Loading Process?
Load securing is also extremely significant along with the efficient use of space during container loading.
Various measures and extra materials are required in order to protect cargoes from adverse weather conditions, sudden braking and movements (acceleration, braking, jolting, etc.), and hazards.
Examples of these materials are cargo airbag (dunnage airbag), stretch film plastic straps, dehumidifier airbags, non-slip rubber mats, and stretch films.
International Dunnage manufactures any product that will ensure cargo safety and load securing with high quality.